PDA

View Full Version : What planes?



Monterey13
01-13-2008, 01:58 PM
I read that the Italian Battleship Vittorio Veneto(WWII) carried 3 aircraft. Anyone know which aircraft it carried? Have pics?

Monterey13
01-13-2008, 01:58 PM
I read that the Italian Battleship Vittorio Veneto(WWII) carried 3 aircraft. Anyone know which aircraft it carried? Have pics?

Capt.LoneRanger
01-13-2008, 02:15 PM
According to different source I found via google, the Vittorio Veneto was equipped with 2 Reggiane Re2000 planes.

This picture shows one of her fighters being launched by the Vittorio Veneto.

http://www.regiamarina.net/arsenals/planes_it/naval_aviation/images/re-2000.jpg

DuxCorvan
01-13-2008, 03:37 PM
Oh, now I miss that project and the skins Jutocsa made for it. (Sigh!) http://forums.ubi.com/groupee_common/emoticons/icon_frown.gif

berg417448
01-13-2008, 03:57 PM
A couple more photos here:
http://ww2db.com/photo.php?source=all&color=all&list=se...S&foreigntype_id=149 (http://ww2db.com/photo.php?source=all&color=all&list=search&foreigntype=S&foreigntype_id=149)

Waldo.Pepper
01-13-2008, 04:01 PM
The idea of a catapult-launched fighter was attractive to
navies that did not possess aircraft carriers, or which would have to deploy ships without carrier support. ...

In 1940 the Italian Navy commissioned two new 37,000 ton fast battleships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto. These were armed with nine 15 in and twelve 6 in guns, as well as numerous lighter AA weapons. When design work on these ships commenced, it was proposed that a landing deck should be incorporated at the stern for use by up to six Cierva autogiros. In fact, trials with an autogiro had been carried out aboard the heavy cruiser Fiume in 1931, but the results were not encouraging and the whole idea was dropped. Instead, the Littorio class ships were equipped with a training catapult on the stern and a total of three aircraft could be carried, these being the standard Ro.43. One was kept on the catapult, and the other two stored on the quarterdeck, with an electric crane being used to move the aircraft around and recover them after landing.

By 1942 the Italian Navy was severely handicapped by the lack of an aircraft carrier to accompany the fleet. A decisive factor in the outcome of the Battle of Matapan was the presence of the British carrier HMS Formidable which, although only carrying a small complement of aircraft with limited performance, was instrumental in damaging both the cruiser Pola and the battleship Vittorio Veneto, although the battleship was eventually able to make good some of the damage and escape. The Pola was brought to a standstill and was subsequently sunk, together with her sister ships, Zara and Fiume, by British surface forces in a short but calamitous night action. In fact, work had started in 1940 on the conversion of the 23,000 ton liner Roma (originally launched in 1926) to an aircraft carrier, complete with full-length flight deck, catapults, arrester wires and hangars. Its air group was expected to comprise some thirty-six aircraft, including naval versions of the Reggiane Re.2000 and Re.2001 single-engined monoplane fighters. However, the work proceeded slowly and although almost complete at the time of the Italian Armistice in September 1943, she never saw service. Subsequent Allied air and human torpedo attacks prevented her being used by the Germans and she was eventually scuttled.

In the meantime, the Italian Navy looked at other methods of providing fighter protection for the fleet and investigated the possibility of adapting a standard land-based fighter for launching from a shipborne catapult. The choice fell on the Reggiane Re.2000 Falco, which had flown in prototype form in 1938 and was built by Regio Emilia, a company forming part of the Caproni group. Designed by two engineers, Alessio and Longhi, of the Officine Meccaniche 'Reggiane'; SA, it competed for Italian Air Force orders against the Macchi MC.200. In terms of manoeuvrability and handling, the Re.2000 outclassed its competitor and overall performance was very similar. However, the Air Ministry was not happy with some engineering and technical aspects of the aircraft and the Macchi fighter was awarded the contract, and 1,000 were eventually produced. However, there was some consolation for the Reggiane design team as export orders were obtained from Sweden some form of recovery at sea would have been preferable, in the context of Italian Navy operations in the Mediterranean, this was not as important as might otherwise have been the case. Most of the fleet's operations were of short duration and were nearly always within flying distance of Italy or Sicily where the aircraft could land, being subsequently re-shipped when the parent vessel returned to harbour. In addition, the lack of floats meant that the Reggiane fighter did not suffer any loss of performance, which by the standards at that period of the war was not sparkling. At the time of the Armistice there were two Re.2000 fighters aboard the Roma, while the Vittorio Veneto and Italia (ex-Littorio) carried one each in addition to two Ro.43s. Attempting to sail to Malta the three battleships, comprising the 9th Division, were subjected to air attack by German aircraft carrying FX1200 guided bombs and a direct hit resulted in the sinking of the Roma, while the Italia was damaged. It is not recorded if the Reggiane fighters were launched during this attack, but if they were, they obviously were not effective.

http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v516/WaldoPepper/catapult/vv.jpg

The Battleship Vittorio Veneto in 1943 with a single Re 2000 perched on the stern catapult.

All info from -

http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v516/WaldoPepper/catapult/PagesfromPenSword-CatapultAircraft.jpg