View Full Version : Heydrichs time in Luftwaffe

11-04-2011, 12:34 PM
An article from my bookclub.

Reinhard Heydrich involvement in the Holocaust, we know. His career as a fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe is much less known. Flight Historians Christer Bergstrom reveals the truth about Heydrich background.

Time in Norway:
In mid-April 1940 the German hunting flotilla II. / JG 77 in Norway receive two freshly hunt pilots from fighter school in Werneuchen. One was the 36-year-old head of the Nazi security service RSHA, Reinhard Heydrich, who bears the rank of captain (Hauptmann). The other was his fighter trainers from Werneuchen, Second Lieutenant (Leutnant) Frank Werner Rott, who had the task of protecting Heydrich during combat flights.

- Heydrich was really forward to hunting aviator, told Rott, but added:

- Whether it was because he was not really aware of the dangers, I can not comment on.

Heydrich served in II. / JG 77 in about four weeks. He participated in many combat missions with the dressing over Norway at this time. It is likely that his first dogfight took place on 16 April 1940, when Ensign Rott shot down a British Lockheed Hudson. This was a twin-engine bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft, a relatively easy target for the Germans who flew Messerschmitt 109 fighters. At this time met with II. / JG 77 mainly small formations of relatively antiquated British bombers over Norway, and the unit's own losses were very small. In fact, between mid-April and mid May 1940 and joined II. / JG 77 only two combat losses.

However Heydrich jammed one of the unit's aircraft. It was May 13, 1940 that he failed at a start from the base at Stavanger Sola and crashed his Messerschmitt 109 E-1. Heydrich survived the crash but was himself injured and chose to return to Germany.

Luffwaffe aircraft with SS runes:
A year later he tried again the happiness that hunting aviator. First it was the squadron I. / JG 1, located at Wangerooge with the mission to protect the area in northern Holland and German Bay from the approaches of the British bombers. At this time the British had placed most of their bomb flights to the hours of darkness, and the United States had not yet been drawn into the war, so for a daytime unit as I. / JG 1 was a pretty quiet time. The unit conducted regular patrols, but the battle contact belonged to the exceptions, and when it did, it was - as with II. / JG 77 - with small groups of British bombers without pursuit escort. During May and June 1941 were listed I. / JG 1 for shooting down five and added a single self-battle loss.

Heydrich had by this time promoted to the Luftwaffe-Major. He flew a special Messerschmitt 109 that are marked with an "SS-rune" on the fuselage side. But his service in the I. / JG 1 ended as ignominiously as II. / JG 77 a year earlier. When on one occasion he would park his Messerschmitt 109 of a splinter, he misjudged the angle and cut off both wing tips by hitting blastpen both sides.

The war moves eastward:
Apparently ashamed of his little glorious contribution to the Reich air defense, did Heydrich I. / JG first By all accounts, he was determined to establish his honor as a hunting aviator. He had not even been decorated with the Iron Cross!

June 22, 1941 Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The German air force far surpassed his Soviet opponents in the field of battle tactics, aircraft and air quality 'experience. From the eastern front came the reports of huge success for the German hunting airmen. Heydrich turned to Ernst Udet, Luftwaffe fälttygmästare - maximum head of stock inspection - and this paved the way for the so far relatively unsuccessful hunting aviator. Udet supplied inclusive Heydrich with a new Messerschmitt 109th With this he went around July 20, 1941 to the eastern front, and his old dressing II. / JG 77th

It was during these days in July 1941 that Heydrich was commissioned by Hermann Göring - Luftwaffe chief and the second-highest in the Nazi hierarchy - to develop a blueprint for a "final solution of the Jewish question". Perhaps reinforced Heydrich hatred of Jews by what he saw as fighter pilot in the Soviet Union - which, according to the Nazi propaganda led by the "Jewish Bolsheviks".

The German fighters undeniably great success at this time was mostly driven by Messerschmitt Flight considerable combat experience. This was something which the majority of Soviet pilots at that time lacked. But Heydrich could hardly be counted among the experienced pilots crowd.

In search of the Iron Cross:
Under Heydrich racial prejudice was the Soviet airmen a kind of "sub-humans" who did not need to fear in the dogfight. Ironically, one of WWII's most successful flying ace on the Allied side - Russian Aleksandr Pokrysjkin - in a most tangible way to demonstrate to Heydrich how crazy this idea was.

Tuesday, July 22, 1941 - just a few days after Heydrich arrived at the eastern front - he started on a combat mission of the Romanian - Soviet front. Heydrich flew with Lieutenant Joachim Deicke. Was about two o'clock in the afternoon and over the radio was informed by the two German hunting airmen that a formation Soviet bombers attacked the German bridges over the river Dniester at Jampol. There were nine single-engine Su-2s from the Soviet bombing squadron 210 BBAP. Deicke and Heydrich put full speed to the specified area. Pretty soon they caught sight of Su-2s. These were protected by two I-16 fighter jet.

I-16-pilotena went immediately to counterattack and succeeded in keeping the Messerschmitts were away from the bombers. But I-16 were significantly inferior to the German Messerschmitt 109, and pretty soon they were Soviet pilots in real trouble.

But bombing aircraft were also equipped with high altitude protection in the form of two MiG-3 fighters from hunting Flotilla 55 IAP. An experienced German wingman would have kept an eye out for them. But apparently Heydrich had only one in mind - to win an air victory against either one of the old I-16-carts or one of the bombers.
The two MiG-3: s stick by Lieutenant (starshij lejtenant) Aleksandr Pokrysjkin and Ensign (mladshij lejtenant) Leonid Dijatjenko. Pokrysjkin had by this time already spent four enemy aircraft for their weapons. He was without doubt one of the Soviet Air Force's most talented fighter pilot. When the war ended, he had come up to a combined total of 59 confirmed air victories and finished in second place among the Allied fighter ace during World War II (after Ivan Kozjedub, also a Russian).

Pokrysjkin dived down behind Heydrich Messerschmitt 109 and shot him down with the first rounds. Afterwards, he gave the following laconic comment: "The German pilot flew very imprudent."

Pokrysjkins attack came so suddenly that Heydrich never had time to determine the direction of the firing came. Afterward, he reported that he must have been hit by anti-aircraft! In any event, he luck in the misfortune to succeed crash land their battered Messerschmitt 109 E-7 (Werknummer 3765) in the no man's land.

When the Germans had realized that no less than Gruppenführer Heydrich had been shot down, organized a force that went to the place where Messerschmitten gone down. They found a shaken Heydrich and brought him quickly back to safety.

The last battle:
It seems that Heydrich confidence hunting aviator never picked up again after the meeting with the Soviet ace Pokrysjkin. Heydrich did II. / JG 77 and went to a different hunting units on the eastern front, III. / JG 52nd But even where he was particularly prolonged.

Heydrich was placed as wingman to Lieutenant Adolf ****feld, one of the best pilots of III. / JG 52nd Apparently, Heydrich flew only one mission with III. / JG 52nd ****feld tells how he worried supplied SS Gruppenführer with some important advice for their first combat flight:

- I gave Heydrich a clear description of what he might expect if it came to battle, and stressed how important it was that he kept beside me all the time. I told him that if it would come to a situation where it was about life or death, it was better to flee than to embark on adventures with Ivan, as they certainly were better than a Gruppenführer.
Heydrich seems to have taken ****felds words a little too literally. The two got into battle with twelve Soviet aircraft. As a wingman, it was Heydrich to protect ****feld from attack from behind, and when the battle began, ****feld called:

- White 4, stay close, but do not shoot yet!

The next moment,Heydrich Messerschmitt was disappeared. ****feld had to fight the battle with the twelve Soviet aircraft on your own. He survived thanks to his great skill (****feld attributed to far more than 100 air victories during the war and still alive today), but was somewhat surprised when he later landed at the airbase and discovered that Heydrich was standing on the ground to receive him.

- Where did you go, asked ****feld.

With a shamefaced expression Heydrich said:

- Everything went too fast for me and I did not want to disturb you, so I flew back home!

Shortly afterwards got ****feld a sharp reprimand by his commanding officer for having "abandoned such an important person Heydrich"!

- The next morning, says ****feld,the He 111 as Heydrich arrived with, disappeared at the direction of Germany, with a Gruppenführer board. I never saw him again.

A few weeks later was appointed Heydrich to riksprotektor in Bohemia-Moravia.

11-08-2011, 09:26 AM
Ah, this is interesting read. Political stances are useful in combat only when the enemies have them.

But who is that ****feld?

11-09-2011, 12:48 PM
Originally posted by BWaltteri:
Ah, this is interesting read. Political stances are useful in combat only when the enemies have them.

But who is that ****feld?

Adolf D1ckfeld http://forums.ubi.com/images/smilies/16x16_smiley-happy.gif

05-02-2018, 06:15 PM
Are you R.I.P.HEYDRlCH?