View Full Version : Spaniard awarded British M.B.E. and German Iron Cross-True!

02-19-2008, 06:44 PM
Juan Pujol---code name "Garbo"---was referenced in an episode of Great Spy Stories on History Channel. Considering the source, google gave many hits, of which this is one: Garbo (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Pujol_(alias_Garbo)) .

Amazing story of a guy who was trained as a German spy, always intending to go double, but was initially refused by British Secret Service. http://forums.ubi.com/images/smilies/35.gif .After he showed the Brits confirmatory evidence that the Germans wholly accepted his entirely fictitious cell of agents around the U.K., feeding misinformation, he was in. He played a large role in the deception that the Pas-de-Calais was the Allies' invasion point, not Normandy, feeding information that confirmed the existence of "The Army that Never Was". Hitler was so impressed with his reports that he even amended the racial combatent rules so Garbo could qualify to be awarded the Iron Cross.
Does anyone know of anyone else who was awarded such high honours by enemies?

02-19-2008, 11:42 PM

02-20-2008, 07:37 AM
Does anyone know of anyone else who was awarded such high honours by enemies?

Eddie Chapman, a British double agent, see here (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddie_Chapman)

From Wikipedia -

Chapman was in prison for theft when the Channel Islands were occupied by the Germans, who recruited him as an agent. He was trained in France (at La Bretonničre, near Nantes) and dispatched to England to commit acts of sabotage.

He was parachuted into Cambridgeshire on December 16, 1942 and handed himself in to the police before offering his services to MI5. Thanks to ULTRA, MI5 had prior knowledge of his mission.[1] He was interrogated at Latchmere House in West London, better known as Camp 020. MI5 decided to use him against the Germans.

They faked a sabotage attack on his target, the de Havilland aircraft factory in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, where the Mosquito was built. He made his way back to Germany via Lisbon in Portugal. He made an offer to MI5 to perform a suicide attack on Adolf Hitler on his return to Germany. Stephan von Gröning (known to Chapman as "Dr. Graumann"), Chapman's German handler, had previously told him that after a successful sabotage attack he would be put "in the first or second row" near Hitler's podium during a Nazi rally. Due to reasons undisclosed in official documents the assassination attempt didn't go through, and Chapman was asked "not to undertake any wild enterprises".[2]

Chapman claimed to have received the Iron Cross, making him the first Englishman to receive such an award since the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, though there is some doubt about this. It has been suggested that he actually received the War Merit Cross 2nd Class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz), as the Iron Cross was reserved for military personnel during the Third Reich period. He was also rewarded with 110,000 Reichmarks and his own yacht.[3] In an assessment an MI5 officer wrote "The Germans came to love Chapman ... [B]ut although he went cynically through all the forms he did not reciprocate. Chapman loved himself, loved adventure and loved his country, probably in that order."[4]

Chapman was sent to Norway to teach at a German spy school in Oslo. But after Operation Overlord he was sent back to Britain to report back to Germany on the accuracy of the V-1 and V-2 weapons. Here he consistently reported to the Germans that the bombs were overshooting their central London target, and consequently the Germans adjusted their aim, with the end result that the bombs landed south of London, doing far less damage than they otherwise would have done. After this he returned to Oslo with more false information.

After the War a film starring Christopher Plummer was made about him, called Triple Cross (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0061647/)