View Full Version : Persian Culture, Music & Myth

06-06-2018, 12:24 PM
Hello everyone

First of all sorry for my English
As a follow up to this post (https://forums.ubi.com/showthread.php/1880757-Amazigh-culture) by WiwarK9, I've decided to gather some information that can be related to the game universe about Persia.
As the game universe is heavily influenced by Indian and Chinese culture, maybe Persian culture that had so many common with Asia is useful too.

I've gathered these topics on Wiki and I've put the link of each at the start of each, But there are more things to say about each of them and if needed ask me to provide with more info. Also for some of them I've chosen a video, as pics and videos speaks better than text for some cases.

I don't know how much this things are useful for the game, But if needed I would be so glad to provide more info about each of them, or add some new ones as there are so many cultural and mythical things in Persia. And if just a bit of these things makes it way to the game, it will be my ultimate pleasure. So Let's begin ...

Chaharshanbe Suri
Chaharshanbe Suri (Persian: چهارشنبه*سوری‎, translit. Čahār-anba(-e)-sūrī; usually pronounced Čāramba-sūrī) is an Iranian festival celebrated on the eve of the last Wednesday before Nowruz (the Iranian New Year's day)
Jumping over the fire
Before the start of the festival, people gather brushwood in an open, free exterior space. At sunset, after making one or more bonfires, they jump over the flames, singing sorxi-ye to az man, zardi-ye man az to, literally meaning "[let] your ruddiness mine, my paleness yours", or a local equivalent of it. This is considered a purificatory practice

Charshanbe Suri includes a custom similar to trick-or-treating that is called qāoq-zani (قاشق*زنی‎),[7] literally translated as "spoon-banging". It is observed by people (boys) wearing disguises and going door-to-door to hit spoons against plates or bowls and receive packaged snacks.

Ancient origin
The festival has its origin in ancient Iranian rituals. The ancient Iranians celebrated the festival of Hamaspathmaedaya (Hamaspaθmaēdaya), the last five days of the year in honor of the spirits of the dead, which is today referred to as Farvardinegan. They believed that the spirits of the dead would come for reunion. The seven holy immortals (Aməa Spənta) were honored, and were bidden a formal ritual farewell at the dawn of the New Year. The festival also coincided with festivals celebrating the creation of fire and humans. By the time of the Sasanian Empire, the festival was divided into two distinct pentads, known as the lesser and the greater Panje. The belief had gradually developed that the "lesser Panje" belonged to the souls of children and those who died without sin, while the "greater Panje" was for all souls.



Nowruz (Persian: نوروز‎ Nowruz, [nouˈɾuːz]; literally "new day") is the name of the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups as the beginning of the New Year.
Although having Iranian and religious Zoroastrian origins, Nowruz has been celebrated by people from diverse ethno-linguistic communities. It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans. It is a secular holiday for most celebrants that is enjoyed by people of several different faiths, but remains a holy day for Zoroastrians.
Nowruz is the day of the vernal equinox, and marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. It marks the first day of the first month (Farvardin) in the Iranian calendar. It usually occurs on March 21 or the previous or following day, depending on where it is observed. The moment the sun crosses the celestial equator and equalizes night and day is calculated exactly every year, and families gather together to observe the rituals.


Fire temple
A fire temple in Zoroastrianism is the place of worship for Zoroastrians, often called dar-e mehr (Persian) or agiyari (Gujarati). In the Zoroastrian religion, fire (see atar), together with clean water (see aban), are agents of ritual purity. Clean, white "ash for the purification ceremonies [is] regarded as the basis of ritual life", which "are essentially the rites proper to the tending of a domestic fire, for the temple [fire] is that of the hearth fire raised to a new solemnity". For, one "who sacrifices unto fire with fuel in his hand ..., is given happiness".

[B]Music Instruments


Barbat (lute)

The barbat (Persian: بربط‎) or barbud was a lute of Central Asian or Greater Iranian or Persian origin. The barbat was an important instrument of the Ghassanids in pre-Islamic times and of the Syrians in early Islamic times. It has been theorized that both the oud and the pipa derived from the barbat. Although the original barbat disappeared, modern musicians have re-created the instrument, looking at historical images for details. The modern re-created instrument (Persian Barbat) resembles the oud, although differences include a smaller body, longer neck, a slightly raised fingerboard, and a sound that is distinct from that of the oud.




Tar (Persian: تار‎; Azerbaijani: tar) is an Iranian long-necked, waisted instrument, shared by many cultures and countries including Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and others near the Caucasus region. The word tār means "string" in Persian, and is also related to the names of the guitar, sitar, setar (سه*تار, "three strings") and dutar (دوتار‎, "two strings").
It was invented in the 18th century and has since become one of the most important musical instruments in Iran and the Caucasus, particularly in Persian classical music, and the favoured instrument for radifs.




The kamancheh (also kamānche or kamāncha) (Persian: کمانچه‎), is an Iranian bowed string instrument, used also in Armenian, Azerbaijani, Turkish, and Kurdish Music and related to the rebab, the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed Byzantine lyra, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow. It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kurdistan Regions with slight variations in the structure of the instrument.




The santur (also santūr, santour, santoor) (Persian: سنتور‎) is a hammered dulcimer of Persian/Iranic origins. The term Santur originally meant "100 strings."




The tompak (official Persian name) (تنپک, تنبک, دنبک، تمپک), also tombak, donbak, dombak or zarb (ضَرب or ضرب) in Afghanistan zer baghali (زیر بغلی ), is a goblet drum from Persia (ancient Iran). It is considered the principal percussion instrument of Persian music. The tonbak is normally positioned diagonally across the torso while the player uses one or more fingers and/or the palm(s) of the hand(s) on the drumhead, often (for a ringing timbre) near the drumhead's edge. Sometimes tonbak players wear metal finger rings for an extra-percussive "click" on the drum's shell. Tonbak virtuosi perform solos lasting ten minutes or more. The tompak had been used to create a goblet drum.



Persian Miniature

A Persian miniature (Persian:نگارگری ایرانی) is a small painting on paper, whether a book illustration or a separate work of art intended to be kept in an album of such works called a muraqqa. The techniques are broadly comparable to the Western and Byzantine traditions of miniatures in illuminated manuscripts. Although there is an equally well-established Persian tradition of wall-painting, the survival rate and state of preservation of miniatures is better, and miniatures are much the best-known form of Persian painting in the West, and many of the most important examples are in Western, or Turkish, museums. Miniature painting became a significant genre in Persian art in the 13th century, receiving Chinese influence after the Mongol conquests, and the highest point in the tradition was reached in the 15th and 16th centuries. The tradition continued, under some Western influence, after this, and has many modern exponents. The Persian miniature was the dominant influence on other Islamic miniature traditions, principally the Ottoman miniature in Turkey, and the Mughal miniature in the Indian sub-continent.

Mythical Creatures


Simurgh (/ˌsɪˈmərɡ/; Persian: سيمرغ‎), also spelled simorgh, simorg, simurg, simoorg, simorq or simourv, is a benevolent, mythical bird in Iranian mythology and literature. It is sometimes equated with other mythological birds such as a "phoenix" (Persian: ققنوس‎ quqnūs, plural: Persian: ققنوس*ها‎ qaqnus-h or , Persian: ققنوسان‎ qaqnusān). Persian humā (Persian: هما‎). The figure can be found in all periods of Iranian art and literature and is also evident in the iconography of Georgia, medieval Armenia, the Byzantine Empire, and other regions that were within the realm of Persian cultural influence.
Iranian legends consider the bird so old that it had seen the destruction of the world three times over. The simurgh learned so much by living so long that it is thought to possess the knowledge of all the ages. In one legend, the simurgh was said to live 1,700 years before plunging itself into flames (much like the phoenix).


Huma Bird


The Huma (Persian: هما‎, pronounced Homā, Avestan: Homāio), also Homa, is a mythical bird of Iranian legends and fables, and continuing as a common motif in Sufi and Diwan poetry. Although there are many legends of the creature, common to all is that the bird is said never to alight on the ground, and instead to live its entire life flying invisibly high above the earth.
In Sufi tradition, catching the Huma is beyond even the wildest imagination, but catching a glimpse of it or even a shadow of it is sure to make one happy for the rest of his/her life. It is also believed that Huma cannot be caught alive, and the person killing a Huma will die in forty days.


Zahhāk or Zahāk (pronounced [zhɒːk]) (Persian: ضحّاک‎) is an evil figure in Persian mythology, evident in ancient Persian folklore as Ai Dahāka (Persian: اژی دهاک‎), the name by which he also appears in the texts of the Avesta. In Middle Persian he is called Dahāg(Persian: دهاگ‎) or Bēvar Asp (Persian: بیور اسپ‎) the latter meaning "he who has 10,000 horses". In Zoroastrianism, Zahhak (going under the name Ai Dahāka) is considered the son of Angra Mainyu, the foe of Ahura Mazda. In the Shāhnāmah of Ferdowsi, Zahhāk is the son of a ruler named Merdās.


In the Persian epic of Shahnameh Div-e Sepid, or Div-e Sefid (Persian: دیو سپید‎ or دیو سفید, lit. White Demon), is the chieftain of the Divs (demons) of Mazandaran. He is a huge being. He possesses great physical strength and is skilled in sorcery and necromancy. He destroys the army of Kay Kavus by conjuring a dark storm of hail, boulders, and tree trunks using his magical skills. He then captures Kay Kavus, his commanders, and paladins; blinds them, and imprisons them in a dungeon. The greatest Persian mythical hero Rostam undertakes his "Seven Labors" to free his sovereign. At the end, Rostam slays Div-e Sefid and uses his heart and blood to cure the blindness of the king and the captured Persian heroes. Rostam also takes the Div's head as a helmet and is often pictured wearing it.

06-06-2018, 12:27 PM
I wish there was an edit option for the post, I don't know why the images are not shown and also some formatting is not right!

Sorry for any issue, it was not intended to get like this

06-06-2018, 05:18 PM
Really cool stuff!!
Some times pictures appear the next day or so after posting, idk why...

06-06-2018, 07:54 PM
Hey Vulcan, thanks for an awesome and inspiring thread!

When you go to your profile on imgur, you can hover over the picture you want to share, and select "get share link" and then "get BBCode". You can copy and paste that BBCode in your post and your picture should show up no problem! Also, you CAN edit your own thread. Just find the + sign next to "reply" at the bottom of your post. Click on it, and select "Edit Post."

Hope this helps!

06-06-2018, 09:06 PM
Hey Vulcan, thanks for an awesome and inspiring thread!

When you go to your profile on imgur, you can hover over the picture you want to share, and select "get share link" and then "get BBCode". You can copy and paste that BBCode in your post and your picture should show up no problem! Also, you CAN edit your own thread. Just find the + sign next to "reply" at the bottom of your post. Click on it, and select "Edit Post."

Hope this helps!

Thanks for the Info. So I will edit my post soon ...